What Is News?

News is information about current events which is obtained from all over the world and is presented to the public. It can be broadcast or written in print or online and is usually categorized as either local, national, international, or business.

The strength of a story as determined by its news value is dependent on many factors, but the basic criteria are that it must be new, unusual, interesting, significant and about people. It should also be presented in a way that is not too melodramatic or overblown, and it should provide an insight into the nature of an issue.

If a story does not meet all of these requirements, it is unlikely to be reported on. Even if it is a very important matter, it may not be considered newsworthy by the audience. For example, if an insect has just been discovered living on a plant which it did not previously inhabit, this is not likely to interest anyone except scientists or specialist publications. However, if that insect is known to be harmful and could cause a serious threat to human life, then it will definitely be newsworthy.

Similarly, famous people make news because their lives are of interest to the general public. Stories about them often focus on their achievements, scandals, personal relationships or fall from grace. Other topics of interest include sex, showbusiness, animals and an unfolding drama. In addition, all societies are interested in health, so people like to read about traditional remedies, medical research, hospitals and clinics, diseases, drugs, diet and exercise.