What Is Law?


Law is a set of rules that govern how people live and interact. These rules are created and enforced by a government or society, often in order to solve social problems, such as crime, business agreements and social relationships.

The word “law” comes from the Old English language. The root is lag, meaning to lay down or set in order.

A legal principle based on common beliefs and principles that applies equally to all individuals, organizations, and governments. This concept is called the rule of law and is one of four universal principles that are considered essential to the functioning of a modern democracy.

Civil Law:

The main subject of law is civil law, which includes all areas of life except criminal law. It consists of a body of rules that are often organized into codes and easily accessible to citizens and jurists.

Criminal Law:

Crime is a term used to refer to activities that harm individuals or cause them to lose their freedom. These activities can be categorized into different types, such as theft, murder or drunk driving.

Contract Law:

These laws regulate the sale of goods and services between people, groups and businesses. They also make sure that people follow agreed upon contracts.

Property Law:

These laws govern ownership and possession of land and personal property. Real property, or what is attached to the land, consists of land and buildings. Personal property, or what is not attached to the land, consists of movable objects and intangible rights such as shares and stocks.